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PeptidoglycansPeptidoglycans

Nomenclature of Peptidoglycan Structures of Cross-Linkage Types A and B, with Examples of DSMZ Strains Having Specific Peptidoglycan Types

Type A of cross-linkage

Nomenclature

Peptidoglycan structures

DSM No.

Schumann (2011)

Schleifer and Kandler (1972)

A11

A1α

L-Lys-direct

7447, 9682, 9683, 9684, 9849, 12492, 12643, 20066, 20311, 20379, 20340, 20341, 20393, 20395, 20627

A11.gly

A1α

L-Lys-direct; α-carboxyl group of D-Glu substituted by Gly

-

A11.pep

A2

L-Lys peptide subunit

1790, 1605, 2786, 14234, 20030, 46257

A11.1

A3α

L-Lys-Gly

6203, 6208, 6209, 14480, 14481, 14482, 20213, 20089, 20091, 20121, 20416, 20431, 20446

A11.2

A3α

L-Lys-Gly5-6

4804, 4805, 4806, 4807, 4808, 4809, 6718, 7068, 7373, 7377, 14617, 20029, 20039, 20231, 20232, 20260, 20261, 20262, 20266, 20267, 20322, 20323, 20324, 20501, 20454, 20459, 20672, 20673, 20674, 20675, 20676, 20677, 20714, 20771

A11.3

A3α

L-Lys-Gly2-4-L-Ser1-2-Gly

6717, 6732, 10656, 10657, 15096, 20036, 20037, 20038, 20042, 20044, 20316, 20359, 20373, 20228, 20229, 20263, 20264, 20265, 20325, 20326, 20327, 20328, 20329, 20330, 20597, 20608, 20609, 20610, 20723

A11.4

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala

9848, 13613, 20194, 20196, 20117, 20377, 20349, 20451, 20663, 20728, 20746

A11.5

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala2

5636, 5576, 5577, 5578, 5623, 6634, 6777, 6905, 8249, 8581, 8582, 8583, 20186, 20188, 20189, 20192, 20202, 20375, 20288, 20392, 20545, 20399, 20662, 20523, 20560, 20561, 20563, 20564, 20565, 20567, 20568, 20569, 20572, 20573, 20575, 20725, 20727

A11.6

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala3

348, 2981, 11630, 11925, 11926, 12219, 20068, 20124, 20371, 20376, 20380, 20383, 20259, 20409, 20478, 20479, 20559, 20576, 46222

A11.7

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala4

20032, 20033, 20319, 20320, 20321, 20447

A11.8

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala-Gly4-5

9930, 9931, 20352, 20345

A11.9

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala-L-Ala(L-Ser)

7378, 20566, 20770

A11.10

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala2-L-Ala(L-Ser)

-

A11.11

A3α

L-Lys(L-Orn)-L-Ala2-L-Ser

20220, 20222, 20224, 20438, 20439

A11.12

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala2-Gly-L-Ala

6783, 20064, 20385, 20684, 20685

A11.13

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala-L-Ser

20190, 20093, 20248, 20410

A11.14

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ser

20102

A11.15

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala2-L-Ser

-

A11.16

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala(L-Ser)-L-Ser

20257

A11.17

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala-L-Thr-L-Ala

419, 420, 4983, 20115, 20116, 20126, 20138

A11.18

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ser-L-Ala

20252, 20686

A11.19

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ser-L-Ser(L-Ala)

20255

A11.20

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ser-L-Ala2

12221, 13734, 20014, 20187, 20193, 20200, 20240, 20241, 20484, 20343, 20346, 46216

A11.21

A3α

L-Lys(L-Orn)-L-Ala(L-Ser)-L-Ala2

6489, 6490, 6491, 10140, 20104, 20105, 20434, 20435

A11.22

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ser-L-Ala2-3; α-carboxyl group of D-Glu substituted by glycine amide

20127

A11.23

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ser-L-Thr-L-Ala

342, 12829, 13065, 13066, 20119, 20120, 20125, 20136, 20144, 20161, 20389, 20390, 20407

A11.24

A3α

L-Lys-L-Thr-Gly

13760, 20061, 20067, 20386, 20715, 20716

A11.25

A3α

L-Lys-L-Thr-L-Ala

20381, 20443, 20646, 20562, 20742

A11.26

A3α

L-Lys-L-Thr-L-Ala; α-carboxyl group of D-Glu substituted by alanine amide

20142

A11.27

A3α

L-Lys-L-Thr-L-Ala2

5635, 13067, 20133

A11.28

A3α

L-Lys-L-Thr-L-Ala3

20153, 20550

A11.29

A3α

L-Lys-L-Thr-L-Ser(L-Ala)

5199, 20062, 20065, 20480, 20558, 20574

A11.30

A3α

L-Lys-L-Thr-L-Ser-L-Ala2

-

A11.31

A4α

L-Lys-D-Asp

2094, 2146, 2381, 3320, 4747, 4838, 4839, 4840, 4841, 4864, 4865, 4866, 4903, 5632, 5633, 5634, 5661, 6035, 5622, 5705, 5707, 5708, 5731, 5732, 6630, 7370, 7371, 7372, 7374, 9126, 9172, 10177, 10550, 10551, 10532, 10533, 11492, 11664, 12361, 12744, 12745, 13145, 13335, 13343, 13344, 13989, 14526, 14421, 20001, 20003, 20004, 20005, 20006, 20007, 20008, 20010, 20011, 20012, 20015, 20016, 20017, 20019, 20020, 20021, 20022, 20023, 20051, 20053, 20181, 20182, 20184, 20197, 20203, 20206, 20207, 20214, 20054, 20056, 20057, 20059, 20063, 20069, 20072, 20073, 20074, 20075, 20076, 20077, 20079, 20080, 20081, 20087, 20096, 20098, 20100, 20101, 20160, 20312, 20315, 20318, 20175, 20176, 20177, 20178, 20180, 20216, 20353, 20354, 20355, 20356, 20357, 20382, 20384, 20225, 20238, 20242, 20243, 20244, 20245, 20247, 20249, 20250, 20253, 20254, 20258, 20280, 20281, 20283, 20284, 20285, 20287, 20289, 20291, 20293, 20331, 20332, 20333, 20334, 20335, 20336, 20337, 20338, 20485, 20486, 20487, 20492, 20494, 20495, 20496, 20497, 20498, 20499, 20339, 20350, 20351, 20388, 20533, 20534, 20433, 20450, 20452, 20453, 20469, 20475, 20477, 20481, 20642, 20653, 20654, 20655, 20515, 20531, 20532, 20552, 20553, 20554, 20555, 20556, 20557, 20570, 20571, 20580, 20584, 20587, 20588, 20602, 20605, 20607, 20628, 20633, 20670, 20679, 20680, 20681, 20682, 20690, 20691, 20692, 20717, 20718, 20719, 20720, 20721, 20726, 20749

A11.32

A4α

L-Lys(L-Orn)-D-Asp

6492, 6493, 6494, 6531, 6532, 6533, 10105, 10106, 20083, 20084, 20086, 20221, 20436

A11.33

A4α

L-Lys-D-Glu

7454, 13280, 14506, 14507, 14504, 14505, 20549, 20581, 20747

A11.34

A4α

L-Lys-L-Ala-D-Asp

-

A11.35

A4α

L-Lys-L-Ala-L-Glu

4640, 13068, 13069, 20122, 20123, 20168, 20413, 20647, 20648, 20579

A11.36

A4α

L-Lys-L-Ser-D-Asp

11295

A11.37

A4α

L-Lys-D-Ser-D-Asp

20106, 20155, 20424, 46215

A11.38

A4α

L-Lys-D-Ser-D-Glu

20432

A11.39

A4α

L-Lys-L-Ser2-D-Glu

20448

A11.40

A4α

L-Lys-Gly-D-Glu

320, 2306, 2307, 14442

A11.41

A3α

L-Lys-Gly-L-Ala3

14508

A11.42

A4α

L-Lys-Gly-D-Asp

6633, 20183

A11.43

A4α

L-Lys-D-Glu2

13884, 20317, 20547

A11.44

A3α

L-Lys-Gly(L-Ser)

20445

A11.45

A4α

L-Lys-L-Thr-D-Asp

20577

A11.46

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala-Gly-L-Ala2

20593

A11.47

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala-Gly; α-carboxyl group of D-Glu substituted by alanine amide

20767

A11.48

A4α

L-Lys-L-Ser-D-Glu

10543, 10542, 12657, 20603

A11.49

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ser-Gly

20622

A11.50

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala-Gly

6778

A11.51

A5α

L-Lys-L-Lys-D-Glu

8576, 8577, 11076, 11077, 11078, 13483, 20595

A11.52

A5α

L-Lys-L-Lys-D-Asp

43320

A11.53

A5α

L-Lys-L-Ala-L-Lys-D-Glu

9151, 9152, 9153, 20594, 20630, 20639

A11.54

A4α

L-Lys-L-Glu

12333, 12334, 14418, 14419, 20167, 20645

A11.55

A5α

L-Lys(L-Orn)-L-Lys-D-Glu

9169

A11.56

A4α

L-Lys-Gly-L-Glu

6686, 6687, 6723, 20541

A11.57

A4α

L-Lys-L-Thr-D-Glu

14281, 43852, 46000, 46001, 46097

A11.58

A4α

L-Lys-L-Ser-L-Glu

10493, 10494

A11.59

A4α

L-Lys-L-Ala-D-Glu

-

A11.60

A4α

L-Lys-D-Asp; α-carboxyl group of D-Glu substituted by glycine

10495, 14235

A11.61

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala(L-Ser)

12493

A11.62

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala2-Gly2-3-L-Ala(Gly)

13988

A11.63

A3α

L-Lys-L-Ala-Gly3, L-Ser0-1

-

A12.1

A3α'a

L-Lys-Gly

20362, 20369, 20470, 20472

A12.2

A4α'

L-Lys-D-Glu

7456, 20358, 20548, 20473

A12.3

A4α'

L-Lys-Gly-D-Asp

10024, 11663

A12.4

A3α'

L-Lys-L-Ser

-

A21.1

A3β

L-Orn-Gly2-3

3963, 3964, 3965, 3966, 11300, 11303, 12027, 20539, 20540, 20551

A21.2

A3β

L-Orn(L-Lys)-L-Ala2-3

20092, 20094, 20095, 20099

A21.3

A3β

L-Orn-L-Ser-L-Ala-L-Thr-L-Ala

20211, 20088, 20090, 20097, 20218, 20219

A21.4

A4β

L-Orn-D-Asp

2266, 2528, 5837, 6123, 5965, 6307, 6350, 6351, 6352, 6353, 6354, 6355, 6356, 6357, 6362, 7084, 8475, 8476, 13279, 13345, 14784, 14785, 20049, 20052, 20055, 20109, 20391

A21.5

A4β

L-Orn-D-Glu

7455, 9536, 9581, 10020, 10022, 10596, 20107, 20108, 20110, 20111, 20112, 20113, 20114, 20118, 20364, 20463, 20464

A21.6

A4β

L-Orn(L-Lys)-D-Glu

7457, 20209, 20210, 20212

A21.7

A4β

L-Orn-D-Ser-D-Asp

20215, 20239, 20456

A21.8

A4β

L-Orn(L-Lys)-D-Ser-D-Asp

20082

A21.9

A4β

L-Orn-L-Ser-D-Glu

20585, 20586

A21.10

A3β

L-Orn-β-Ala

20745

A21.11

A5β

L-Orn-L-Lys-D-Glu

6843, 6844, 9168, 10695

A21.12

A4β

L-Orn-D-Ser-D-Glu

4813

A21.13

A4β

L-Orn-Gly2-D-Glu

12335, 12336

A21.14

A4β

L-Orn-L-Ala-Gly-D-Asp

12362

A22.1

A4β'

L-Orn-D-Asp

20468

A23.1

A4β

L-Orn-L-Glu; position 1 of the peptid subunit is L-Ser

13521

A31

A1γ

meso-Dpm-directb

2150, 2872, 2648, 2950, 3953, 4712, 4749, 4847, 4848, 4849, 4902, 5007, 5008, 5970, 5971, 5972, 5973, 6306, 6344, 6688, 6922, 7069, 7109, 7110, 7111, 7198, 7199, 7200, 7201, 7487, 8801, 8802, 8821, 9583, 9584, 9585, 9586, 9657, 9658, 9659, 10641, 10667, 10718, 11140, 11141, 12028, 12331, 12332, 12890, 13192, 13024, 13675, 13193, 13657, 13814, 13876, 13953, 14060, 14184, 14451, 20199, 20205, 20128, 20131, 20132, 20137, 20147, 20148, 20150, 20151, 20156, 20158, 20159, 20162, 20163, 20165, 20314, 20170, 20171, 20174, 20246, 20270, 20271, 20294, 20295, 20296, 20297, 20298, 20300, 20301, 20302, 20305, 20306, 20307, 20342, 20344, 20348, 20536, 20537, 20403, 20404, 20405, 20406, 20408, 20411, 20412, 20415, 20425, 20426, 20444, 20455, 20460, 20461, 20462, 20465, 20466, 20467, 20483, 20504, 20505, 20506, 20507, 20508, 20509, 20510, 20511, 20649, 20651, 20657, 20658, 20659, 20660, 20521, 20524, 20582, 20583, 20589, 20590, 20596, 20599, 20600, 20601, 20623, 20624, 20625, 20626, 20632, 20634, 20635, 20668, 20678, 20722, 20730, 20731, 20735, 20739, 20748, 20750, 20751, 20755, 20756, 20757, 20759, 20760, 20761, 20762, 20763, 20764, 20765

A31.1

A4γ

meso-Dpm-D-Glu2

9573, 9574

A31.2

A4γ

meso-Dpm-D-Glu2; α-carboxyl group of D-Glu substituted by Gly

4810, 10240, 10241, 14564, 14566, 46339, 46341

A31.3

A4γ

meso-Dpm-D-Asp-D-Glu; α-carboxyl group of D-Glu substituted by Gly

7083, 10672, 10673

A32.1

A1γ'

meso-Dpm-direct

-

A41.1

A3γ

LL-Dpm-Gly

286, 300, 316, 1897, 3997, 4900, 4901, 8251, 8599, 10546, 10547, 10552, 12652, 12746, 13435, 20130, 20272, 20273, 20274, 20275, 20276, 20277, 20278, 20279, 20299, 20535, 20700, 20458, 20641

A41.2

A3γ

LL-Dpm-Gly3; α-carboxyl group of D-Glu substituted by Gly

20308

A42.1

A3γ'

LL-Dpm-Gly

10555, 11053, 12906, 12936, 43307

A51

A1δ

Lan-direct

20482

 

Type B of cross-linkage

Nomenclature

Peptidoglycan structures

DSM No.

Schumann (2011)

Schleifer and Kandler (1972)

B1

B1α

{Gly} [L-Lys] D-Glu(Hyg)-Gly-L-Lysc

8607, 12509, 20140, 20172, 20427

B2

B1β

{Gly} [L-Hse] D-Glu(Hyg)-Gly2-L-Lys

8600, 20530, 20754

B3

B1γ

{Gly} [L-Glu] D-Glu(Hyg)-Gly2-L-Lys

20028

B4

B2α

{L-Ser} [L-Orn] D-Glu-D-Lys(D-Orn)

20543, 20517

B5

B2β

{Gly} [L-Hse] D-Glu-D-Orn

14013, 20129, 20135, 20141, 20149, 20542, 20527, 20528, 20529

B6

B2β

{Gly} [L-Hse] D-Glu(Hyg)-Gly-D-Orn

8608, 8609, 8610, 8611, 12506, 12507, 12510, 12511, 12512, 12966, 13468, 14217, 20143, 20145, 20166, 20169, 20489, 20449, 20512, 20643, 20526, 20578, 20606, 20638

B7

B2γ

{Gly} [L-Dab] D-Glu-D-Dab

340, 4854, 40, 7483, 7484, 7485, 7486, 7488, 8595, 8596, 8597, 8598, 13056, 13057, 14012, 14595, 14596, 14597, 15165, 15166, 15202, 20134, 20146, 20152, 20157, 20400, 20419, 20741, 46301, 46304, 46306, 46364

B8

B1β

{Gly} [L-Hse] D-Glu-Gly-L-Dab

20154

B9

B2α

{Gly} [L-Orn] D-Glu-D-Orn

8606, 11986, 11987

B10

B2β

{Gly} [L-Hse] D-Glu-D-Dab

20618, 20619

B11

B2δ

{Gly} [L-Ala] D-Glu-D-Dab-L-Thr

20621

B12

B2α

{Gly} [L-Orn] D-Glu-Gly-D-Orn

20620

B13

B1δ

{L-Ser} [L-Ala] D-Glu-L-Asp-L-Lys

12042

B14

B2β

{Gly} [L-Hse] D-Glu-D-Lys

10309, 10310, 10311

B15

B1δ

{L-Ser} [L-Ala] D-Glu-Gly-L-Lys-L-Lys

5055

 

a Extension by an apostrophe (e.g. A3α') denotes that the L-Ala residue found normally at position 1 of the peptide subunit in type A is replaced by Gly.

b Abbreviations: Dab, 2,4-diaminobutyric acid; Dpm, 2,6-diaminopimelic acid; Hse, homoserine; Hyg, threo-3-hydroxy-glutamic acid; Lan, lanthionine.

c { }, position 1; [ ], position 3.

Schleifer, K. H. & Kandler, O. (1972). Peptidoglycan types of bacterial cell walls and their taxonomic implications. Bacteriol Rev 36, 407-477.

Schumann, P. (2011). Peptidoglycan Structure. In Taxonomy of Prokaryotes, Methods in Microbiology, vol. 38, pp. 101-129. Edited by F. Rainey & A. Oren. London: Academic Press.