In each case of despatch of biological material, the shipper is responsible for correct packaging and shipping. Biological materials allocated to Risk Group 1 are not regulated as dangerous goods and usually postal regulations and requirements as laid down by the Universal Postal Union (UPU) and by the National Postal Authoritites concerned apply.
In contrast, biological material allocated to Risk Group 2 falls under the UN Model Regulations affecting all modes of transport (road, air, rail, waterways). Such material has to be transported in UN certified packagings by a recognized courier. Transport costs are higher.
More detailed information is provided by this WHO document:
Guidance on regulations for the Transport of Infectious Substances, 2007-2008.
This EBRCN Information Resource is a valuable guidance for shippers: International Regulations for Packaging and Shipping of Microorganisms (new edition: December 2010).
Useful documents published by the WFCC:
WFCC Information Resource on Postal Regulations (2008)
WFCC Information Resource on GEM transport (2008) .
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