University Strains

University-Bioresources

The following list provides an overview on suggestions of microorganisms suitable for teaching purposes in higher educational institutions (polytechnics, universities, and similar institutions). The bacteria are listed according to their specific properties.

The fungi (following the bacteria section) are listed systematically with reference to K. Esser, Kryptogamen, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1976 and according to physiological groups.

 

 

 

BACTERIA

MORPHOLOGYDETAILSSPECIESDSM No.
Cocci Micrococcus luteus20030
regular chainsStreptococcus vestibularis5636
Sarcinae Sporosarcina ureae317
Spirals Aquaspirillum peregrinum subsp. peregrinum1839
Spirochaetes Spirochaeta aurantia subsp. aurantia1902
RodssmallPseudomonas fluorescens50090
largeBacillus megaterium90
chainsBacillus mycoides299
curvedAncylobacter aquaticus334
Budding, prosthecate cells Hyphomicrobium facile subsp. facile1565
Coryneform bacteriamorphological changesArthrobacter crystallopoietes20117
Flexible cells Flexibacter filiformis527
Trichomes Caryophanon latum484
Rosettes Leucothrix mucor621
Fruiting bodies Stigmatella hybrida53755
 Myxococcus xanthus52389
Branching filaments (aerial mycelium) Streptomyces coelicolor40233
Multicellular filaments, gliding Simonsiella crassa2578
EndosporesellipsoidalBacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis10
sphericalBacillus sphaericus396
cells swollenBacillus sphaericus396
cells not swollenBacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis10
Spores of Actinomycetalesstructure of the spore chains:  
rectus flexibilisStreptomyces coelicolor40233
retinaculum apertumStreptomyces prasinopilosus40098
spiraStreptomyces viridochromogenes40110
verticillateStreptomyces netropsis40093
zoosporesPlanobispora rosea43051
   
aplanosporesStreptosporangium roseum43021
lateral spores, singleSaccharomonospora caesia43068
Myxospores Myxococcus xanthus52389
Cysts Azotobacter vinelandii85
Flagellationlateral tuftedSelenomonas ruminantium subsp. ruminantium2150
polarPseudomonas fluorescens50090
peritrichousBacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis10
Motility byflagellaPseudomonas fluorescens50090
glidingMyxococcus xanthus52389
Sheaths, capsules, slimesheathsSphaerotilus natans565
capsulesAzotobacter vinelandii85
dextranLeuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. dextranicum20484
celluloseSarcina ventriculi300
 Gluconacetobacter xylinus2004
Cell inclusionsiogen (granulose)Clostridium pasteurianum525
poly-beta-hydroxybutyric acidBacillus megaterium90
parasporal bodiesBacillus thuringiensis350
sulfurAllochromatium vinosum180
gas vacuolesAncylobacter aquaticus334
volutin granulesZoogloea ramigera287
Staining reactionsGram positiveLactobacillus plantarum20174
Gram negativePseudomonas fluorescens50090
acid fastMycobacterium phlei43214
spore stainingBacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis10
PIGMENTS
BACTERIUM
DSM No.
diffusiblePseudomonas fluorescens50090
non-diffusibleMicrococcus luteus20030
fluorescentPseudomonas fluorescens50090
bacteriochlorophyll aRhodospirillum rubrum107
bacteriochlorophyll bBlastochloris viridis134
bacteriochlorophyll cChlorobium limicola249
bacteriochlorophyll gHeliobacterium chlorum3682
carotenoidsFlavobacterium aquatile1132
indigoidineArthrobacter polychromogenes342
melaninStreptomyces purpurascens40310
nicotine blue (from nicotine)Arthrobacter nicotinovorans420
violaceinJanthinobacterium lividum1522
REACTION TO OXYGENBACTERIUMDSM No.
strictly aerobicPseudomonas fluorescens50090
facultatively anaerobicBacillus coagulans1
strictly anaerobicClostridium pasteurianum525
microaerophilicLactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus20081
SALT REQUIREMENTSBACTERIUMDSM No.
halophilic, moderateVibrio natriegens759
halophilic, extremeHalobacterium salinarum670
TEMPERATURE REQUIREMENTSBACTERIUMDSM No.
psychrophilicPaenibacillus macquariensis2
mesophilicPseudomonas fluorescens50090
thermophilicGeobacillus stearothermophilus456
extremely thermophilicThermus thermophilus579
PH REQUIREMENTSSPECIESDSM No.
acidophilicAlicyclobacillus acidocaldarius446
alkaliphilicBacillus alcalophilus485
NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTSSPECIESDSM No.
growth factor independentPseudomonas fluorescens50090
vitamin dependentLactobacillus pentosus20314
amino acid dependentBacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis402
extreme substrate specialization (uric acid)Bacillus fastidiosus83
NUTRITIONAL TYPESDETAILSSPECIESDSM No.
Chemolithotrophicoxidation of sulfur compounds: sulfurAcidithiobacillus thiooxidans504
oxidation of sulfur compounds: thiosulfateThiobacillus thioparus505
oxidation of ferrous compoundsAcidithiobacillus ferrooxidans583
oxidation of hydrogenWautersia eutropha428
Chemoheterotrophic Pseudomonas fluorescens50090
Photoautotrophic Allochromatium vinosum180
Photoheterotrophic Rhodospirillum rubrum107
Nitrogen fixationfree-living bacteria, aerobicAzotobacter vinelandii85
free-living bacteria, anaerobicClostridium pasteurianum525
symbiotic (Pisum sativum)Rhizobium leguminosarum30132
Parasitic Bacteriovorax stolpii12778
 Escherichia coli (host)613

 

DEGRADATION/UTILIZATION OF NATURAL COMPOUNDS

SUBSTRATESPECIESDSM No.
CaseinBacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis10
CelluloseCellulomonas uda20108
ChitinStreptomyces coelicolor40233
Deoxyribonucleic acidBacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis402
EsculinPaenibacillus polymyxa36
GelatinBacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis10
PectinPaenibacillus polymyxa36
Poly-beta-hydroxybutyric acidVariovorax paradoxus645
StarchBacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis10
SulfurAcidithiobacillus thiooxidans504
Uric acidBacillus fastidiosus83
UreaSporosarcina pasteurii33

 

FERMENTATIONS

PRODUCTSPECIESDSM No.
EthanolZymomonas mobilis subsp. mobilis424
Lactic acid, homofermentativeLactobacillus pentosus20314
Lactic acid, heterofermentativeLeuconostoc pseudomesenteroides20193
Propionic acidPropionibacterium thoenii20276
Butyric acidClostridium pasteurianum525
Acetic acidGluconobacter oxydans subsp. suboxydans50049

 

OTHER PROPERTIES

PROPERTYDETAILSSPECIESDSM No.
Amino acids, quantitative determination of Pediococcus acidilactici20238
Antibiotics, formation of Streptomyces griseus subsp. griseus40236
Antibiotics, assays of Bacillus subtilis subsp. spizizenii347
 Kocuria rhizophila348
Bacteriolytic activity Myxococcus xanthus52389
Bioluminescence Photobacterium kishitanii 19954
Catalase positive Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis10
Catalase negative Lactobacillus pentosus20314
Desulfurication Desulfovibrio desulfuricans subsp. desulfuricans642
Experiments in geneticsgeneralEscherichia coli498
chromosomal streptomycin resistanceEscherichia coli498
phage sensitivityEscherichia coli613
 Phage T44505
spontaneous reversion of lac- mutantsEscherichia coli1058
induction, repressionEscherichia coli1329, 10198, 10199, 10200
conjugationEscherichia coli423, 429, 1562, 1563
transformationAcinetobacter sp.586, 587, 588
Growth, rapid Vibrio natriegens759
Isotopic pattern in labelled glucose,determination ofLeuconostoc pseudomesenteroides20193
Nitrate reductionnitrate to nitriteBacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis10
nitrate to N2Bacillus licheniformis13
Oxidase positive Pseudomonas fluorescens50090
Oxidase negative Escherichia coli498

OF test (Hugh-Leifson)

   
acid formation from glucose   
oxidative Pseudomonas fluorescens50090
fermentative Escherichia coli498
gas formation from glucose Escherichia coli498
Sporesheat resistanceBacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis10
germinationBacillus fastidiosus83
Sulfur precipitation, extracellular Thiobacillus thioparus505
Vitamins, assay of Lactobacillus pentosus20314
Voges-Proskauer reactionpositiveRaoultella planticola3069
negativeEscherichia coli498



FUNGI

MYXOMYCETESSPECIESDSM No.
SorocarpDictyostelium discoideum947
OOMYCETESSPECIESDSM No.
Gametophyte, sporophyte, resting sporangiumAllomyces arbuscula954, 955
Dioecism, oogonia, sporangia, antherida, sporangiaPhytophthora nicotianae1828, 1829
ZYGOMYCETESSPECIESDSM No.
Plus and minus strain, zygospores, phototropic sporangiaPhycomyces blakesleeanus1359, 1360
Septate mycelium, oogametangiogamy, conidia ejectionBasidiobolus ranarum1461
Multispore sporangia, ZygosporesMucor mucedo809, 810
Rhizopus stolonifer63011
Thamnidium elegans912
Sporangia and sporangiolaThamnostylum piriforme2037
Mating types, carotin productionBlakeslea trispora1254, 1255
Sporangia and conidiospores, conidiaChoanephora infundibulifera960
Cunninghamella elegans1908
Phototropic sporangia, ejection apparatusPilobolus sphaerosporus1343
Mycelium / yeast dimorphismMucor rouxii1191
ASCOMYCETESSPECIESDSM No.
Endomycetales  
Multinucleate septa, naked asciDipodascus aggregatus974
Uninucleate septaEremascus fertilis1270
Haplont, somatogamy, fissionSchizosaccharomyces pombe70576, 70577
Diplont, ascospore formation, fermentationSaccharomyces cerevisiae1334
Pellicula, hat-shaped ascosporesPichia anomala70255
Mycelium, blastoconidiaEndomyces fibuliger70554
Eurotiales  
Conidia, asci without peridiumByssochlamys nivea1824
Conidiophores, cleistotheciaEupenicillium terrenum2418
Gymnoascales  
Loose peridiumGymnoascus reessii975
Sordariales  
Plus and minus strains, perithecia, micro- and macroconidiaNeurospora crassa1257, 1258
No conidia, ascus formation, peritheciaSordaria macrospora997, 999, 1000, 5617
Sordaria fimicola995, 996
Self-fertilization, peritheciaChaetomium globosum1962
HOLOBASIDIOMYCETESSPECIESDSM No.
Mono- and dicarya, clamp connections, fruting bodies, tetrapolar mating systemPolyporus ciliatus1023
Multiple clampsCoprinus verticillatus3397
Morphology of fruiting bodies and hyphal systemSchizophyllum commune1025
Agaricus bisporus3054
Pleurotus ostreatus1020
RhizomorphsArmillaria mellea1654
Fruiting bodies with peridioles, ejection apparatusCyathus stercoreus1674
Sphaerobolus stellatus1028
HYPHOMYCETESSPECIESDSM No.
conidiogenesisAlternaria alternata62006
Penicillium camemberti1233
Acremonium strictum3567
Geotrichum candidum1240
Botrytis cinerea877
Aureobasidium pullulans62074
Humicola fuscoatra63302
Physiological characteristics  
thermophilicAcremonium zonatum1553
psychrophilicMrakia frigida4634
Snow mold basidomycete 1847
halophilicEurotium halophilicum1624
osmophilicChrysosporium xerophilum4378
mycoparasiticDispira cornuta3305
nematode trappingArthrobotrys oligospora1491
Arthrobotrys brochopaga3287
Monacrosporium eudermatum2024
Hohenbuehelia sp.2815
wood degradation (brown rot)Gloeophyllum sepiarium6420
wood degradation (white rot)Phanerochaete chrysosporium1556